setback for President Alberto Fernandez in the mid-term primaries

    Argentine President Alberto Fernandez and Vice President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner address the media after the results of the primaries, at the headquarters of the Frente de Todos party, in Buenos Aires, on September 13, 2021.

    Prelude to the legislative elections of November 14, the primary elections of Sunday, September 12 announced the color: the panorama is dark for the Peronist government of Alberto Fernandez (center left) which suffers an electoral setback, in the middle of his mandate, at two years of the presidential election of October 2023. Its political formation, Frente de todos (“front of all”), is outstripped in the majority of the twenty-three provinces, the opposition taking the lead under the leadership of Juntos por el cambio (“Together for change”), the political family of ex-president Mauricio Macri (center right, 2015-2019). Key province, that of Buenos Aires, where more than a third of Argentines live, currently led by a governor of the presidential party, also gives the winning opposition, with more than four points ahead of Frente de todos.

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    These primaries, which rule out candidates who have not gathered at least 1.5% of the vote, serve as a dress rehearsal before the partial legislative elections, during which 127 of the 257 deputies and 24 of the 72 senators will be renewed. “With some exceptions, the mid-term elections in Argentina, as in Latin America, are generally not favorable to the party in place, but the extent of the decline [du parti présidentiel], very important, had not been anticipated by the government ”, observes Maria Laura Tagina, political scientist and teacher at the National University of San Martin. “This vote is the expression of great fatigue, in the context of the pandemic, characterized by long confinement, and the economic situation”, continues the political scientist.


    The epidemic due to the coronavirus has gripped a country already shaken by a recession that has raged since 2018 and has marked almost the entire term of Alberto Fernandez, who came to power in December 2019. Almost two years later, the indicators are without appeal: increasing poverty affecting 42% of the population; galloping inflation whose annual target set at 29% was already exceeded in July; 20,000 bankrupt companies and 100,000 jobs destroyed in 2020, according to the estimate of the private firm Ecolatina. On the health front, with more than 113,000 deaths linked to Covid-19 for 45 million inhabitants, Argentina is among the ten hardest hit countries in the world, outside micro-states – behind Peru and Brazil , In the region.

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